During Scandinavian rule, the street was named Bretgate, meaning 'Street of the Britons.' In the 13th century, the 'Ju'- prefix was added to differentiate it from York's other Bretgate.

Jubbergate, as it is today, is a small street that extends from Parliament Street to Shambles Market. However, its original path would have continued all the way to Coney Street, following what is now Market Street.

While there are no recorded historical accounts of Jewish residents on Jubbergate, its proximity to Coney Street, which housed a significant number of affluent Jewish households, suggests the possibility of Jewish homes and businesses along the street.